When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States. Usually, electoral votes align with the popular vote in an election.Feb 9, 2021
|State||Number of Electoral Votes for Each State||For Vice-President|
The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress. … Several weeks after the general election, electors from each state meet in their state capitals and cast their official vote for president and vice president.
Under the District Method, a State’s electoral votes can be split among two or more candidates, just as a state’s congressional delegation can be split among multiple political parties. As of 2008, Nebraska and Maine are the only states using the District Method of distributing electoral votes.
Electoral votes are allocated among the States based on the Census. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts.
Under the “Electoral College” system, each state is assigned a certain number of “votes”. … The formula for determining the number of votes for each state is simple: each state gets two votes for its two US Senators, and then one more additional vote for each member it has in the House of Representatives.
That’s partially correct. When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States. Usually, electoral votes align with the popular vote in an election.
The framers created the Electoral College, because they didn’t trust the people to make electoral decisions on their own. They wanted the president chosen by what they thought of as “enlightened statesmen”. … A person elected by the voters in to represent them in making the decision of VP and President.
With most states following the winner-take-all approach, it is possible for a candidate to win the electoral vote, but lose the nation-wide popular vote. There have been four elections in which the person elected president won the electoral vote, but lost the popular vote (1876, 1888, 2000, and 2016).
According to a pre-election 2016 analysis, the thirteen most competitive states were Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Minnesota, Arizona, Georgia, Virginia, Florida, Michigan, Nevada, Colorado, North Carolina, and Maine. Nebraska’s 2nd congressional district is also considered competitive.
When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people called electors. The number of electors each state gets is equal to its total number of Senators and Representatives in Congress. A total of 538 electors form the Electoral College. … The candidate who gets 270 votes or more wins.
The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is the federal agency responsible for coordinating activities of States and Congress regarding the Electoral College vote for President.
Is the electoral college fair? Yes because it gives the smaller states more say in the election. Also the president has to go to every state. And the winner of the popular vote might not win the election.
An absolute majority is necessary to prevail in the presidential and the vice presidential elections, that is, half the total plus one electoral votes are required. With 538 Electors, a candidate must receive at least 270 votes to be elected to the office of President or Vice President.
Each State is allocated a number of Electors equal to the number of its U.S. Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. Representatives – which may change each decade according to the size of each State’s population as determined in the Census.
Electors. Most states require that all electoral votes go to the candidate who receives the most votes in that state. After state election officials certify the popular vote of each state, the winning slate of electors meet in the state capital and cast two ballots—one for Vice President and one for President.
Why were most of the framers opposed to choosing a president by popular vote? … They believed that voters in such a large country couldn’t learn enough about the candidates to make an informed decision. They believed that if it was chosen by Congress it would be, “too much under the legislative thumb.”
What was the purpose of the Electoral College and having US senators be leading citizens? Orginally the Electoral College was to be made up of leading citizens who could be trusted to exercise good judgment.
Framers didn’t want other congressional/popular election of the president. They expected electors to be respectable, well-informed citizens. How did the rise of political parties affect the electoral college?
By the 1990s, it became the state’s dominant political party. Texas remains a majority Republican state as of 2021.
what are the three main weaknesses of the electoral college? –winner of the popular vote is not guaranteed presidency. -electors are not required to vote in accord with the popular vote. -any election might have to be decided in the house of representatives.
is plagued by three major defects: (1) the winner of the popular vote is not guaranteed the presidency; (2) electors are not required to vote in accord with the popular vote; and (3) any election might have to be decided in the House of Representatives.
The Constitution explicitly assigns the president the power to sign or veto legislation, command the armed forces, ask for the written opinion of their Cabinet, convene or adjourn Congress, grant reprieves and pardons, and receive ambassadors.
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They do not choose wisely. How is the total of 538 Electoral College votes determined? … 538 electoral votes and 270 to win president. So they can choose who would be the nominee in an easier way.
The Twelfth Amendment requires a person to receive a majority of the electoral votes for vice president for that person to be elected vice president by the Electoral College. If no candidate for vice president has a majority of the total votes, the Senate, with each senator having one vote, chooses the vice president.
The reason is that the founding fathers were afraid of a direct election to elect the President. They feared someone could manipulate a public opinion and take the power.
The secretary of state is the first Cabinet officer in the line of succession. The 25th Amendment established the complete line of succession to the presidency. If the office of Vice President becomes vacant, Congress appoints a new one. The Vice President cannot be removed from office by the President.
In what is sometimes referred to as the “Revolution of 1800”, Vice President Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republican Party defeated incumbent President John Adams of the Federalist Party. The election was a political realignment that ushered in a generation of Democratic-Republican leadership.
“The Revolution of 1800,” as Jefferson described his party’s successful election many years later, was “as real a revolution in the principles of our government as that of 1776 was in its form.” … Jefferson’s election inaugurated a “Virginia dynasty” that held the presidency from 1801 to 1825.
Why The Electoral College Exists