When the American Colonies decided to fight for their independence during the American Revolution, Pennsylvania was at the center of the action. … On December 12, 1787, Pennsylvania ratified the Constitution and became the 2nd state to join the Union.
On March 4, 1681, Charles II of England granted the Province of Pennsylvania to William Penn to settle a debt of £16,000 (around £2,100,000 in 2008, adjusting for retail inflation) that the king owed to Penn’s father. Penn founded a proprietary colony that provided a place of religious freedom for Quakers.
Before European settlement, Pennsylvania was inhabited by many native tribes, including the Erie, Honniasont, Huron, Iroquois (especially Seneca and Oneida), Leni Lenape, Munsee, Shawnee, Susquehannock, and unknown others. In the period of European exploration, there was a flurry of activity in North America.
December 12, 1787
The Keystone State
Pennsylvania’s essential role in the founding of the United States earned it the nickname, the “Keystone State.” The term “keystone” comes from architecture and refers to the central, wedge-shaped stone in an arch, which holds all the other stones in place.
The Pennsylvanian flag is blue with the state coat of arms in the center. … The coat of arms is a shield between two horses and with an eagle on top. Pennsylvania’s flag was officially adopted in 1907 as the civil and state flag.
Persecuted in England for his Quaker faith, Penn came to America in 1682 and established Pennsylvania as a place where people could enjoy freedom of religion. … Penn obtained the land from King Charles II as payment for a debt owed to his deceased father.
It simply means they’ve adopted the British term for providing for the “common good” or the “common wealth” of its citizens. The term was coined by 16th century English philosopher Thomas Hobbes, considered one of the founders of modern political theory.
July 4, 1776
How was Pennsylvania different from other colonies? It had extremely good Indian relations (until non-Quakers moved in), had no tax-supported Church, freedom of worship, very few death penalties, no military, and very simple naturalization/immigration laws.
Massachusetts’s official state cookie is the chocolate chip cookie, and in 2001 the commonwealth of Pennsylvania declared it their official cookie as well. The recipe for chocolate chip cookies was brought to the United Kingdom in 1956. Maryland Cookies was one of the U.K.’s best selling chocolate chip cookies.
The Colonies | Pennsylvania. William Penn, a Quaker, established the Province of Pennsylvania as a haven for persecuted members of the Society of Friends. … Peaceful relations with neighboring American Indian groups and fertile farmland helped Penn’s experiment become a success.
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