In contrast to Everett’s hours-long address, Lincoln spoke for just a few minutes. A popular myth tells of President Lincoln hastily jotting down his 270-word speech on the back of an envelope during the train ride from Washington to Gettysburg.Nov 19, 2013
On an autumn day on this date in 1863, Abraham Lincoln delivered a speech that only took a few minutes and was a mere ten sentences long. The most famous photo of the speech shows Lincoln stepping down after finishing, because the photographer had assumed the speech would last longer than it did.
He spoke for less than two minutes, and the entire speech was fewer than 275 words long.
We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
“Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Lincoln’s address starts with “Four score and seven years ago.” A score is equal to 20 years, so he was referencing 87 years ago — 1776, when the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Union casualties in the battle numbered 23,000, while the Confederates had lost some 28,000 men–more than a third of Lee’s army. The North rejoiced while the South mourned, its hopes for foreign recognition of the Confederacy erased.
We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting-place for those who here gave their lives, that that nation might live.
“Folks are usually about as happy as they make their minds up to be.” “Whatever you are, be a good one.” “Do I not destroy my enemies when I make them my friends?”
: being four times twenty : eighty.
Lincoln wrote the speech on the back of an envelope
Lincoln started working on his remarks shortly after the battle was fought in July 1863, according to Lincoln experts. Several drafts of the speech also exist that were written before November 19, 1863.
By using the words “conceived in liberty,” Lincoln is is stressing that the founders of the United States had their own vision that the country would be a bastion of freedom. Lincoln shares this vision.
In the Bible, Jesus himself never promises that a person’s life lasts threescore and ten, or 70 years. However, Psalm 90:10 does make a reference to that period of time, saying, “The days of our years are threescore years and ten.” Since a “score” means 20, “threescore and ten” refers to the number 70.
DEFINITIONS1. an old word meaning ‘sixty’ threescore years and ten (=70 years): He had lived for threescore years and ten.
It is considered one of the greatest political speeches of all time, explaining America’s critical challenges in their historical context succinctly while paying tribute to the men who had died in the face of those challenges. … ‘All men are created equal’ refers to slavery – a key cause of the American Civil War.
We think the speech was a failure because Lincoln thought so. But Lincoln thought most things he did were a failure, so that’s not a good way to judge. It is true the applause following the speech was a bit scattered; people did not expect the speech to be so short, and the audience was taken by surprise.
The youngest soldier to fight in the Civil War was a boy named Edward Black. Edward was born on May 30 in 1853, making him just 8 years old when he joined the Union army on July 24, 1861, as a drummer boy for the 21st Indiana volunteers. Was he a “pet” like John Clem, or did he actually enlist?
After four bloody years of conflict, the United States defeated the Confederate States. In the end, the states that were in rebellion were readmitted to the United States, and the institution of slavery was abolished nation-wide. Fact #2: Abraham Lincoln was the President of the United States during the Civil War.
The two reasons that are most widely accepted as determining the outcome of the battle are the Union’s tactical advantage (due to the occupation of the high ground) and the absence of J.E.B. Stuart’s Confederate cavalry on the first day of fighting.
Fact #4: Of 120 generals present at Gettysburg, nine were killed or mortally wounded during the battle. On the Confederate side, generals Semmes, Barksdale, Armistead, Garnett, and Pender (plus Pettigrew during the retreat).
Although additional battles ensued afterward, the Battle of Gettysburg was the most pivotal, as it marked a turning point in the Civil War. Eventually, almost 2 years later in April 1865, the Confederate army surrendered their last army, resulting in the end of the Civil War.
All of the soldiers still buried on the battlefield are likely Confederates. … Today more than 6,000 veterans are buried at Gettysburg National Cemetery, including veterans of the Spanish-American War, World Wars I and II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.
The stated purpose of Lincoln’s speech was to dedicate a plot of land that would become Soldier’s National Cemetery. However, Lincoln realized that he also had to inspire the people to continue the fight.
The speech reflected his redefined belief that the Civil War was not just a fight to save the Union, but a struggle for freedom and equality for all, an idea Lincoln had not championed in the years leading up to the war.
A “score” of years is twenty years. So, four score is 80 years plus 7 years.
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