Add 1 teaspoon ARM & HAMMER Baking Soda into a small, empty plastic cup. Place this cup into the volcano crater. Quickly pour vinegar mixture into the ARM & HAMMER Baking Soda cup in the crater. Enjoy the “lava” as the volcano erupts.
STEP 1: Place your cup in the middle of a tray and cover with sand. Make sure there is a hole at the top for the eruption. STEP 3: Fill your cup just over half full with water, add 3 tea spoons full of baking soda, food colouring and give it a good stir until most of the baking soda dissolves.
Mix 6 cups flour, 2 cups salt, 4 tablespoons cooking oil and 2 cups warm water. The mixture should be smooth and firm. Add more warm water if needed. Stand the soda bottle in the baking pan and mold the dough around it into a volcano shape.
Take one square of toilet paper and put 1 tbsp. baking soda in the middle of it. Roll it up and twist the ends to enclose the baking soda. When you are ready to present the project, drop the baking soda packet into the volcano, and watch it erupt.
Assuming that you’re using the paper tube method, you’ll want to load the seven Mentos into the tube, cover the bottom of the tube with your finger, and position the tube directly over the mouth of the bottle. When you pull your finger out of the way, all seven Mentos should fall into the bottle at the same time.
Key Concept:Volcanic eruptions create landforms made of lava, ash, and other materials. These landforms include shield volcanoes, cinder cone volcanoes, composite volcanoes, and lava plateaus.
The temperature of lava flow is usually about 700° to 1,250° Celsius, which is 2,000° Fahrenheit. Deep inside the earth, usually at about 150 kilometers, the temperature is hot enough that some small part of the rocks begins to melt. Once that happens, the magma (molten rock) will rise toward the surface (it floats).
According to a University of Hawaii at Manoa law professor who specializes in land use, it belongs to the state. These so-called “lava extensions” were the subject of a Supreme Court case in 1977 in which two residents sued the state over 7.9 acres of new land formed by a 1955 Kilauea eruption.
Place the cup in the middle of the pan. Tear a large sheet of aluminum foil to cover the cup and lay at the bottom of the pan, creating the shape of the volcano. Poke a medium-size hole through the aluminum foil above the cup. This is where your volcano will erupt.
Instead of using vinegar, use ketchup with baking soda. This is perfect for a volcano effect because the ketchup is already the right color. You can also add liquid dish soap to create more bubbles and foam in the eruption.
Using a hot glue gun, glue your empty spice container into the center of your smaller cardboard circle. Next, scrunch some newspaper or other paper into balls. Glue the paper around the spice container to create the shape of your volcano. Mix some paper mache paste.
First, add 1/3 cup of baking soda to your magma chamber (bottle). Then add about a teaspoon of dish soap for an extra foaming effect, and top it off with several drops each of red and yellow food coloring. Last, when you are ready for the action, pour in ½ to 1 cup of vinegar and watch the eruption.
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