In kindergarten math, children learn the names of numbers and how to count them in sequence. They begin to become familiar with numbers 11–19. They should also be able to count objects and begin an introduction to geometry by learning to recognize and name shapes such as triangles, rectangles, circles, and squares.
Common math concepts include: Recognizing numbers 0 through 9, as well as beginning to practice writing numerals. Counting in order, up to 10; eventually counting higher. Grasping the concept of “more than” and “less than”
Addition helps kids master the relationships between numbers and understand how quantities relate to one another. Even when kindergartners can’t reliably answer addition problems or manipulate large numbers, basic addition skills give them a framework for mastering math in elementary school.
Teach children the words that signify “addition.” Introduce terms such as “all together, “put together,” “how many in all,” “total,” and “sum” that commonly indicate a child will need to add two or more numbers. Use “fact families” to help children understand number relationships.
Starting with concrete objects is always helpful. You can use square tiles or some other type of manipulative. Lining them up in columns like below can help with the visualization of these facts. I like to target doubling 1-5 first and then add on 6-10 next.
Addition and subtraction are the first math operations kids learn. But it doesn’t happen all at once. Learning to add and subtract typically happens in small steps between kindergarten and the fourth grade.
Interactive resources are available on our kindergarten math games page, and other materials are available on our math resources page. Adapted with permission from “Kindergarten Success: Everything You Need to Know to Help Your Child Learn” by Amy James (Jossey- Bass, 2005), which we highly recommend.
By the end of kindergarten, most children are able to identify approximately 50 sight words. There are many fun ways to help your child learn sight words.
Basic math skills are those that involve making calculations of amounts, sizes or other measurements. Core concepts like addition, subtraction, multiplication and division provide a foundation for learning and using more advanced math concepts.
Addition (usually signified by the plus symbol +) is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic, the other three being subtraction, multiplication and division. The addition of two whole numbers results in the total amount or sum of those values combined. … Addition belongs to arithmetic, a branch of mathematics.
By age 2: Kids start recognizing some letters and can sing or say aloud the “ABC” song. By age 3: Kids may recognize about half the letters in the alphabet and start to connect letters to their sounds. (Like s makes the /s/ sound.) By age 4: Kids often know all the letters of the alphabet and their correct order.
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