The four humors, or fluid substances, of the body were blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm.
There are three major fluid compartments; intravascular, interstitial, and intracellular. Fluid movement from the intravascular to interstitial and intracellular compartments occurs in the capillaries.
Blood is the fluid of life, transporting oxygen from the lungs to body tissue and carbon dioxide from body tissue to the lungs.
Biological fluids include blood, urine, semen (seminal fluid), vaginal secretions, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), synovial fluid, pleural fluid (pleural lavage), pericardial fluid, peritoneal fluid, amniotic fluid, saliva, nasal fluid, otic fluid, gastric fluid, breast milk, as well as cell culture supernatants.
Figure 26.1. 3 – A Pie Graph Showing the Proportion of Total Body Fluid in Each of the Body’s Fluid Compartments: Most of the water in the body is intracellular fluid. The second largest volume is the interstitial fluid, which surrounds cells that are not blood cells.
Third spacing is an outdated term describing the movement of bodily fluid from the blood, into the spaces between the cells. The term “third spacing” also describes the accumulation of fluid from the blood within body cavities, intestinal areas, or areas of the body that normally contain little fluid.
In humans, the body fluid can be classified into two major types according to location: (1) intracellular fluid and (2) extracellular fluid. The extracellular fluid is the body fluid located outside the cell(s). It makes up about 26% of the total body water composition in humans.
Keep in mind that your total fluid intake can include water as well as milk, coffee, tea and juice. Coffee and tea are not dehydrating.
Red blood cells are responsible for transporting oxygen from your lungs to your body’s tissues. Your tissues produce energy with the oxygen and release a waste, identified as carbon dioxide. Your red blood cells take the carbon dioxide waste to your lungs for you to exhale.
For men: Around 3.7 liters or 125 ounces. For women: Around 2.7 liters or 91 ounces.
Body fluids are defined as blood, feces, urine, vomit, saliva, semen, vaginal secretions and any other fluids that originate from a human body. All body fluids can potentially carry infectious agents.
Unless visible blood is present, the following body fluids are NOT considered to be potentially infectious: feces. nasal secretions. saliva.
Bile is a greenish-yellow liquid made and released by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It aids in the digestion of food and fluids by breaking down fats into fatty acids. Your body then takes up these acids into the digestive tract. Bile also aids the body in breaking down: Cholesterol.
: a humor of medieval physiology believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause melancholy.
All canned foodstuff, leftovers, fast foods containing sausages and deli meat (in general precooked and processed meats), frozen meat which are kept for a long time in the freezer, meet of old animals, salted or smoked fish can produce black bile in the body.
That portion of the total body fluid contained within blood and lymphatic vessels.
The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and mucus have the ability to wet our internal organs. The CSF is a colourless body fluid found in the spinal cord and the brain and wets them. The fluid is composed of choroid plexus tissues.
The U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine determined that an adequate daily fluid intake is: About 15.5 cups (3.7 liters) of fluids a day for men. About 11.5 cups (2.7 liters) of fluids a day for women.
Fluid shifts occur when the body’s fluids move between the fluid compartments. Physiologically, this occurs by a combination of hydrostatic pressure gradients and osmotic pressure gradients.
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