A special needs child is a youth who has been determined to require special attention and specific necessities that other children do not. The state may declare this status for the purpose of offering benefits and assistance for the child’s well-being and growth.
Special needs can range from people with autism, Asperger syndrome, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome, dyslexia, dyscalculia, dyspraxia, dysgraphia, blindness, deafness, ADHD, and cystic fibrosis. They can also include cleft lips and missing limbs.
ADHD is among the most thoroughly medically-researched and documented psychiatric disorders. ADHD qualifies as a disability under the Other Health Impairment (OHI) category of special-education law and as a disability under Section 504.
These factors include genetics; parental health and behaviors (such as smoking and drinking) during pregnancy; complications during birth; infections the mother might have during pregnancy or the baby might have very early in life; and exposure of the mother or child to high levels of environmental toxins, such as lead …
Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are: speech and/or language delays, Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive delays, social and emotional disorders, and learning differences/disabilities.
A physical or mental condition that requires a particular kind of management. disability. impairment. learning difficulties.
People with special needs are people who need special help or care, for example because they are physically or mentally disabled. … a school for children with special needs.
IEPs are plans for free services given in regular or special classes in public school. Children with disabilities — including ADHD, autism, and physical disabilities — can get an IEP if there’s evidence the condition affects their ability to succeed in school.
IDEA lists many different categories of disability under which a child can be eligible for special education. … Your child’s ADHD does not automatically make them eligible for services under IDEA, but they may qualify if the ADHD symptoms severely inhibit learning and behavior at school.
Deaf or Limited Hearing, Blind or Visually Impaired
Many children (and adults) have some type of special needs disability. The four major types of disabilities include physical, developmental, behavioral or emotional, and sensory impaired disorders.
The causes of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are unknown, although genetic and environmental influences have been implicated. Previous studies have suggested an association with birth defects, but most investigators have not addressed associations with specific diagnostic categories of ASD.
Poor people are most vulnerable to disability because they are forced to live and work in unsafe environments with poor sanitation, crowded living conditions, and with little access to education, clean water, or enough good food.
Intellectual disability is frequently caused by non-hereditary genetic problems, study finds. Summary: Mutations in a group of genes associated with brain activity frequently cause intellectual disability, according to a new study.
Definition of Disability for Children
he or she has a medically determinable physical or mental impairment (or combination of impairments); and. the impairment(s) results in marked and severe functional limitations; and. the impairment(s) has lasted (or is expected to last) for at least one year or to result in death.
Individual education planning (IEP) is the process whereby teachers, support personnel, and parents work together as a team to meet the needs of individual students who require a range of supports.
They’re children who have a disability or a combination of disabilities that makes learning or other activities difficult. Special-needs childreninclude those who have: Mental Retardation, which causes them to develop more slowly than otherchildren.
504 Plan Defined
The 504 Plan is a plan developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives accommodations that will ensure their academic success and access to the learning environment.
An IEP is legally enforceable and has legal guidelines and time frames. An IEP follows a student from school to school or state to state. A 504 is not legally enforceable and doesn’t follow a child nor are there legal guidelines. An IEP will not stop your child from getting a job or from getting into college.
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