What Makes The Electoral College?

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What Makes The Electoral College?

The president and vice president of the United States are elected by the Electoral College, which consists of 538 electors from the fifty states and Washington, D.C. Electors are selected state-by-state, as determined by the laws of each state.

How is the Electoral College selected?

Who selects the electors? Choosing each State’s electors is a two-part process. First, the political parties in each State choose slates of potential electors sometime before the general election. Second, during the general election, the voters in each State select their State’s electors by casting their ballots.

How are electoral votes per State?

Electoral College Certificates and Votes by State
State Number of Electoral Votes for Each State For President
California 55 55
Colorado 9 9
Connecticut 7 7
Delaware 3 3

How does the Electoral College work in simple terms?

When people cast their vote, they are actually voting for a group of people called electors. The number of electors each state gets is equal to its total number of Senators and Representatives in Congress. A total of 538 electors form the Electoral College. … The candidate who gets 270 votes or more wins.

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What are the three major flaws of the electoral college system?

Three criticisms of the College are made:
  • It is “undemocratic;”
  • It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes; and.
  • Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.

How many electoral votes are needed to win?

How many electoral votes are necessary to win the presidential election? 270. In order to become president, a candidate must win more than half of the votes in the Electoral College.

Who gets to 270 first?

A candidate must receive an absolute majority of electoral votes (currently 270) to win the presidency or the vice presidency. If no candidate receives a majority in the election for president or vice president, that election is determined via a contingency procedure established by the 12th Amendment.

Why did the Founding Fathers create the Electoral College quizlet?

The framers created the Electoral College, because they didn’t trust the people to make electoral decisions on their own. They wanted the president chosen by what they thought of as “enlightened statesmen”. … A person elected by the voters in to represent them in making the decision of VP and President.

Which branch of government is elected by popular vote?

The President enforces the laws that the Legislative Branch (Congress) makes. The President is elected by United States citizens, 18 years of age and older, who vote in the presidential elections in their states. These votes are tallied by states and form the Electoral College system.

How does the popular vote affect the Electoral College?

That’s partially correct. When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States. Usually, electoral votes align with the popular vote in an election.

Can a state split electoral votes?

Under the District Method, a State’s electoral votes can be split among two or more candidates, just as a state’s congressional delegation can be split among multiple political parties. As of 2008, Nebraska and Maine are the only states using the District Method of distributing electoral votes.

Do other countries use Electoral College?

Other countries with electoral college systems include Burundi, Estonia, India, Kazakhstan, Madagascar, Myanmar, Pakistan, Trinidad and Tobago and Vanuatu. The Seanad Éireann (Senate) in Ireland is chosen by an electoral college.

Does the person with the most electoral votes win?

PRESIDENTIAL TICKET THAT GETS THE MOST CITIZENS’ VOTES IN A STATE RECEIVES ALL THAT STATE’S ELECTORAL VOTES. winner-take-all system is that a candidate can win the most votes nationally but lose the election.

What three requirements must be met in order to be president of the United States?

As directed by the Constitution, a presidential candidate must be a natural born citizen of the United States, a resident for 14 years, and 35 years of age or older.

When did the South go red?

Following the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965, Southern states became more reliably Republican in presidential politics, while Northeastern states became more reliably Democratic.

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What was the purpose of the Electoral College and having US senators be leading citizens?

What was the purpose of the Electoral College and having US senators be leading citizens? Orginally the Electoral College was to be made up of leading citizens who could be trusted to exercise good judgment.

Why were most of the framers opposed to choosing the president by popular vote quizlet?

Why were most of the framers opposed to choosing a president by popular vote? … They believed that voters in such a large country couldn’t learn enough about the candidates to make an informed decision. They believed that if it was chosen by Congress it would be, “too much under the legislative thumb.”

Why is the electoral college system so difficult to change quizlet?

It is written in the Constitution whigh makes it very difficult to change and there are still many people who support the EC. … A person that wins the popular vote could lose the election because an Elector doesn’t vote the popular vote.

What branch appoints judges?

The president
Congress may impeach and remove federal judges from office. The Senate approves appointments of judges. The president appoints Supreme Court justices and other federal judges.

What is US congress made up of?

Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress.

What branch makes laws?

The legislative branch
The legislative branch is made up of the House and Senate, known collectively as the Congress. Among other powers, the legislative branch makes all laws, declares war, regulates interstate and foreign commerce and controls taxing and spending policies.

Why did the framers create the Electoral College?

The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress. … Several weeks after the general election, electors from each state meet in their state capitals and cast their official vote for president and vice president.

Who constitutes the Electoral College for the election of the president?

4. Thus, the Electoral College for the ensuing Presidential Election shall now consist of (a) the elected members of both Houses of Parliament, and (b) the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States including NCT of Delhi and Union Territory of Puducherry. 5.

Why does California have 55 electoral votes?

There are a total of 538 electoral votes, and the number of votes each state receives is proportional to its size — the bigger the state’s population the more “votes” it gets. … For California, this means we get 55 votes (2 senators and 53 members of the House of Representatives) — the most of any state.

Which political official is elected through the Electoral College?

Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States.

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What happens if neither candidate gets 270?

What happens if no presidential candidate gets 270 electoral votes? If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the Presidential election leaves the Electoral College process and moves to Congress. … The Senate elects the Vice President from the 2 Vice Presidential candidates with the most electoral votes.

Are electors anonymous?

An anonymous elector is generally a registered voter whose safety would be at risk if their details were available on a public electoral register.

How does Germany vote?

Germans elect their members of parliament with two votes. The first vote is for a direct candidate, who is required to receive a plurality vote in their electoral district. The second vote is used to elect a party list in each state as established by its respective party caucus.

What type of government allows citizens?

Democracy
Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. Democracy allows people to participate equally—either directly or through elected representatives—in the proposal, development, and creation of laws.

Who is the youngest president to take office?

The youngest person to assume the presidency was Theodore Roosevelt, who, at the age of 42, succeeded to the office after the assassination of William McKinley. The youngest to become president by election was John F. Kennedy, who was inaugurated at age 43.

What does Section 4 of Article II talk about?

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.

Is commander in chief the highest rank?

Commander-in-Chief was the highest rank in a military. The title was usually reserved for the Head of State of a government. During the Clone Wars, the Supreme Chancellor held the position. The position was originally held by the Minister of Defense.

Was Abraham Lincoln a Democrat or Republican?

National Union Party

Who is the only president to have served two non consecutive terms?

The first Democrat elected after the Civil War in 1885, our 22nd and 24th President Grover Cleveland was the only President to leave the White House and return for a second term four years later (1885-1889 and 1893-1897).

What political party was the North in the Civil War?

National Union Party (United States)
National Union Party
Founded May 21, 1864
Dissolved November 3, 1868
Merger of Republican Party Unionist Party War Democrats
Merged into Republican Party Democratic Party

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