January 10, 2003: North Korea announces its withdrawal from the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), effective January 11.
North Korea announced its withdrawal from the NPT effective as of 11 January 2003. No agreed statement on the matter has been issued by the NPT States Parties, or by the NPT depositary States (Russia, UK and USA), or by the UN Security Council. (Article X.
In January 2003, North Korea cited this provision, announcing its intention to withdraw from the NPT after U.S. officials said that Pyongyang had admitted to efforts to enrich uranium for nuclear weapons.
South Korea joined the NPT to secure the sale of Canadian heavy-water reactors, whose sale had been made contingent on ratification.
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) became a state party to the NPT in 1985, but announced in 2003 that it would no longer be bound by the treaty. Since that time, negotiations over the North Korean nuclear program have not resolved the dispute between the DPRK and the international community.
South and North Korea took dramatically different social, economic, and political paths following the end of fighting in the Korean War in 1953. The 38th parallel marks the so-called demilitarized zone that straddles the border of the two countries.
|Democratic People’s Republic of Korea|
|First nuclear weapon test||October 9, 2006|
|First thermonuclear weapon test||September 3, 2017|
|Last nuclear test||September 3, 2017|
Currently, many sanctions are concerned with North Korea’s nuclear weapons program and were imposed after its first nuclear test in 2006. … Further sanctions expanded to cover financial assets, banking transactions, and general travel and trade.
Despite playing an important role in the negotiations, India didn’t sign the NPT because the blatant unfairness was against our interests. In the teeth of Western opposition and sanctions, India proceeded with a peaceful nuclear explosion in 1974 and weapons tests in 1998.
U.S. intelligence analysts suspect that North Korea, which had signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1985 but had not yet allowed inspections of its nuclear facilities, is in the early stages of building a nuclear bomb.
India’s civil nuclear strategy has been directed towards complete independence in the nuclear fuel cycle, necessary because it is excluded from the 1970 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) due to it acquiring nuclear weapons capability after 1970.
North Korea ratifies the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT), a multilateral agreement whose dozens of signatories have committed to halting the spread of nuclear weapons and technology and promoting peaceful cooperation on nuclear energy. North Korea built its first nuclear facilities in the early 1980s.
July 1, 1968: The NPT is opened for signature and signed by the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Article IX of the treaty established that entry into force would require the treaty’s ratification by those three countries (the treaty’s depositories) and 40 additional states.
Currently only five countries have not signed NPT which are, India, Pakistan, Israel, South Sudan and North Korea.
July 1 – Iran signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) with several nuclear and non-nuclear powers. … The treaty also required all signatories to submit to monitoring by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The treaty had a duration of 25 years and would be reviewed every five years.
|Political party||Workers’ Party of Korea|
|Spouse(s)||Choe Song ( m. 2014)|
|Parents||Kim Jong-il (father) Ko Yong-hui (mother)|
|Supreme Leader Grand Marshal Kim Jong-un|
|Born||8 January 1982 Pyongyang, North Korea|
|Political party||Workers’ Party of Korea|
|Spouse(s)||Ri Sol-ju ( m. 2009)|
|Children||4 (3 alleged)|
37 years (January 8, 1984)
Once you have visited North Korea, your travels to any other countries are not affected. Your passport will not be stamped on entry or exit to the DPRK. … You are able to travel to any country, including South Korea and Japan, without any hassle.
The history of North Korea began at the end of World War II in 1945. The surrender of Japan led to the division of Korea at the 38th parallel, with the Soviet Union occupying the north, and the United States occupying the south. … The division at the 38th parallel was replaced by the Korean Demilitarized Zone.
|Current stockpile||6400 total|
|Current strategic arsenal||1,600|
3 September 2017
On 3 September 2017, North Korea conducted by far its largest nuclear test to date, at its Punggye-ri test site. Estimates of the device’s explosive power, or yield, ranged from 100-370 kilotons. A yield of 100 kilotons would make the test six times more powerful than the bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945.Oct 4, 2021
|Country||Total Warheads (2021)||% of Total|
Significant human rights issues included: unlawful or arbitrary killings by the government; forced disappearances by the government; torture and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment and punishment by government authorities; harsh and life-threatening prison conditions, including in political prison camps; arbitrary …
North Korea was founded as part of the Communist bloc, and received major Soviet support. … Relations between the two countries continued after the fall of the Soviet Union. The relationship gained some importance again after Vladimir Putin was elected President of Russia in 2000.
|Citizenship refused entry (by state)||States refusing entry|
|Northern Cyprus||All except: Australia Equatorial Guinea France Guinea Kenya Libya Pakistan Turkey United States United Kingdom|
While the US has not ratified yet, it is the biggest funder for the CTBTO. India has refused to sign the Treaty on the grounds that the CTBT, like the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), is discriminatory. … Against the background, the CTBTO has been working towards bringing the Treaty into force.
A Comprehensive Ban
Thirty-three years later, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Signed by 71 nations, including those possessing nuclear weapons, the treaty prohibited all nuclear test explosions including those conducted underground.
The 1996 Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) has yet to enter into force because of the unwillingness of a number of states—including India—to ratify it. Although India initially participated in negotiating the CTBT, it subsequently walked out of the negotiations and has never signed the treaty.
|Chile||Colombia||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
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