In 1804, 12th Amendment to the Constitution made sure that electors designate their votes for president and vice president, but the 12th Amendment leaves in place a tie breaking system established by the Constitution by which the House of Representatives breaks a tie on presidential electoral votes and the Senate …Feb 9, 2021
It was not until the early 19th century that the name “Electoral College” came into general usage as the collective designation for the electors selected to cast votes for president and vice president. The phrase was first written into federal law in 1845, and today the term appears in 3 U.S.C.
The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress. … Several weeks after the general election, electors from each state meet in their state capitals and cast their official vote for president and vice president.
The framers created the Electoral College, because they didn’t trust the people to make electoral decisions on their own. They wanted the president chosen by what they thought of as “enlightened statesmen”. … A person elected by the voters in to represent them in making the decision of VP and President.
Is the electoral college fair? Yes because it gives the smaller states more say in the election. Also the president has to go to every state. And the winner of the popular vote might not win the election.
Why or why not? It should be abolished. The Electoral College doesn’t treat all Americans equally. It turns presidential elections into massive efforts to win the votes of a small number of voters in a few key states, rather than the support of the American people as a whole.
Established in Article II, Section 1 of the U.S. Constitution, the Electoral College is the formal body which elects the President and Vice President of the United States.
The number of electors each state gets is equal to its total number of Senators and Representatives in Congress. A total of 538 electors form the Electoral College. Each elector casts one vote following the general election. The candidate who gets 270 votes or more wins.
The amendment was proposed by the Congress on December 9, 1803, and was ratified by the requisite three-fourths of state legislatures on June 15, 1804.
Electoral votes are allocated among the States based on the Census. Every State is allocated a number of votes equal to the number of senators and representatives in its U.S. Congressional delegation—two votes for its senators in the U.S. Senate plus a number of votes equal to the number of its Congressional districts.
Why were most of the framers opposed to choosing a president by popular vote? … They believed that voters in such a large country couldn’t learn enough about the candidates to make an informed decision. They believed that if it was chosen by Congress it would be, “too much under the legislative thumb.”
Framers didn’t want other congressional/popular election of the president. They expected electors to be respectable, well-informed citizens. How did the rise of political parties affect the electoral college?
What was the purpose of the Electoral College and having US senators be leading citizens? Orginally the Electoral College was to be made up of leading citizens who could be trusted to exercise good judgment.
The electoral college was created due to the fact that the Founding Fathers did not trust the average American citizen to have any political knowledge. … Members of a major political party in the early years of the United States favouring a strong centralised national government.
Generally, the parties either nominate slates of potential electors at their State party conventions or they chose them by a vote of the party’s central committee. … When the voters in each State cast votes for the Presidential candidate of their choice they are voting to select their State’s electors.
Reagan won the election by a landslide, taking 489 electoral votes and 50.7% of the popular vote with a margin of 9.7%. Reagan received the highest number of electoral votes ever won by a non-incumbent presidential candidate.
If no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes, the House of Representatives elects the President from the three candidates who received the most electoral votes. Each state delegation has one vote. The Senate elects the Vice President from the two vice presidential candidates with the most electoral votes.
When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States. Usually, electoral votes align with the popular vote in an election.
8. What precedent did the above proclamation set? . That it is the president and not Congress that sets American foreign policy. 9.
The Vice-President may be appointed as a Member of the Cabinet. Such appointment requires no confirmation. Section 4.
Proponents of the amendment believed that legislators are more likely to be cautious about increasing congressional pay if they have no personal stake in the vote. The amendment was introduced in Congress in 1789 by James Madison and sent to the states for ratification at that time.
The 13th Amendment was necessary because the Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln in January of 1863, did not end slavery entirely; those ensllaved in border states had not been freed. … In addition to banning slavery, the amendment outlawed the practice of involuntary servitude and peonage.
Under the District Method, a State’s electoral votes can be split among two or more candidates, just as a state’s congressional delegation can be split among multiple political parties. As of 2008, Nebraska and Maine are the only states using the District Method of distributing electoral votes.
what are the three main weaknesses of the electoral college? –winner of the popular vote is not guaranteed presidency. -electors are not required to vote in accord with the popular vote. -any election might have to be decided in the house of representatives.
The secretary of state is the first Cabinet officer in the line of succession. The 25th Amendment established the complete line of succession to the presidency. If the office of Vice President becomes vacant, Congress appoints a new one. The Vice President cannot be removed from office by the President.
Passed by Congress in 1947, and ratified by the states on February 27, 1951, the Twenty-Second Amendment limits an elected president to two terms in office, a total of eight years. … If more than two years remain of the term when the successor assumes office, the new president may serve only one additional term.
Three criticisms of the College are made: It is “undemocratic;” It permits the election of a candidate who does not win the most votes; and. Its winner-takes-all approach cancels the votes of the losing candidates in each state.
An absolute majority is necessary to prevail in the presidential and the vice presidential elections, that is, half the total plus one electoral votes are required. With 538 Electors, a candidate must receive at least 270 votes to be elected to the office of President or Vice President.
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