Where Does Etc Happen?

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Where Does Etc Happen?

The ETC reactions take place on and across the inner membrane of the mitochondria. Another cell respiration process, the citric acid cycle, takes place inside the mitochondria and delivers some of the chemicals needed by the ETC reactions.Mar 26, 2019

Where does mitochondrial ETC occur?

inner membrane
The ETC is embedded within the extensive inner membrane of the mitochondrion, in close proximity to the mitochondrial matrix in which the TCA cycle is localized (Fig. 1).

Where does the ETC take place in photosynthesis?

chloroplast
All electron-transport processes occur in the thylakoid membrane: to make ATP, H+ is pumped into the thylakoid space, and a backflow of H+ through an ATP synthase then produces the ATP in the chloroplast stroma.

Where is the electron transport chain located in the chloroplast?

In photosynthetic eukaryotes, the electron transport chain is found on the thylakoid membrane.

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What does etc do in mitochondria?

The electron transport chain is a series of electron transporters embedded in the inner mitochondrial membrane that shuttles electrons from NADH and FADH2 to molecular oxygen. In the process, protons are pumped from the mitochondrial matrix to the intermembrane space, and oxygen is reduced to form water.

Where does electron transport occur in plants?

The above illustration draws from ideas in both Moore, et al. and Karp to outline the steps in the electron transport process that occurs in the thylakoid membranes of chloroplasts during photosynthesis. Both Photosystems I and II are utilized to split water to get electrons.

Where is the ETC located in cellular respiration?

mitochondria
The electron transport chain is the last stage of the respiration pathway. It is the stage that produces the most ATP molecules. The electron transport chain is a collection of carrier proteins found on the inner membrane of mitochondria.

Where does the ETC in cellular respiration occur?

inner mitochondrial membrane
Electron Transport Chain

It is the only part of cellular respiration that directly consumes oxygen; however, in some prokaryotes, this is an anaerobic pathway. In eukaryotes, this pathway takes place in the inner mitochondrial membrane. In prokaryotes it occurs in the plasma membrane.

Where did these electron acceptor molecules come from?

The electron acceptor molecules come from glycolysis, the link reaction, and krebs cycle.

In what order do the electrons move through the ETC?

The electrons must travel through special proteins stuck in the thylakoid membrane. They go through the first special protein (the photosystem II protein) and down the electron transport chain. Then they pass through a second special protein (photosystem I protein).

Where does the oxidative phosphorylation occur?

the mitochondria
Oxidative phosphorylation occurs in the mitochondria of all animal and plant tissues, and is a coupled process between the oxidation of substrates and production of ATP. As the Kreb’s cycle runs, hydrogen ions (or electrons) are carried by the two carrier molecules NAD or FAD to the electron transport pumps.

Is there an ETC in photosynthesis?

The light-dependent reactions use light energy to make two molecules needed for the next stage of photosynthesis: the energy storage molecule ATP and the reduced electron carrier NADPH. … The photosystems and electron transport chain components are embedded in the thylakoid membrane.

Where do the electrons in the ETC come from?

All of the electrons that enter the transport chain come from NADH and FADH 2​start subscript, 2, end subscript molecules produced during earlier stages of cellular respiration: glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, and the citric acid cycle.

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What happens in the ETC?

What Happens During the Electron Transport Chain? The ETC uses high energy electrons from chemicals produced by the citric acid cycle and takes them through four steps to a low energy level. The energy from these chemical reactions is used to pump protons across a membrane.

What are the inputs of the ETC?

The Electron Transport Chain: Mass-Producing ATP
Process Location Input
Electron Transport Chain (ETC) Mitochondria (Inner Membrane) 6 NADH 2 FADH2

What is the function of the ETC in cellular respiration?

The electron transport chain is primarily used to send protons across the membrane into the intermembrane space. This create a proton-motive force, which will drive ATP synthase in the final step of cellular respiration to create ATP from ADP and a phosphate group.

Is final electron acceptor in etc?

Oxygen is the final electron acceptor in the electron transport chain, which allows for oxidative phosphorylation.

Does the ETC make ATP?

The electron transport chain is a series of protein complexes and electron carrier molecules within the inner membrane of mitochondria that generate ATP for energy. … This movement of protons provides the energy for the production of ATP. The electron transport chain is the third step of aerobic cellular respiration.

What compound is formed as a final product of the ETC?

What compound is formed as a final product of the electron transport chain? H2O (water) is formed as a final product of the electron transport chain.

How does photosynthesis I and II happen?

The movement of electrons in Photosystems I and II and the action of an enzyme split the water into oxygen, hydrogen ions, and electrons. … These reactions occur in the stroma, the fluid in the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoids, and each step is controlled by a different enzyme.

What are the 3 main steps in the electron transport chain?

  • Step 1: Generating a Proton Motive Force.
  • Step Two: ATP Synthesis via Chemiosmosis.
  • Step Three: Reduction of Oxygen.
  • Summary: Oxidative Phosphorylation.

Where does electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation occur?

mitochondria
What is oxidative phosphorylation? Oxidative phosphorylation is the process where energy is harnessed through a series of protein complexes embedded in the inner-membrane of mitochondria (called the electron transport chain and ATP synthase) to create ATP.

Where does oxidative phosphorylation take place in glycolysis?

the mitochondria
Oxidative phosphorylation occurs in the mitochondria, and the two reactions (oxidation of NADH or FADH2 and phosphorylation to generate ATP) are coupled by a proton gradient across the inner membrane of the mitochondria (Figure 9).

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Does photosystem 1 contain an electron acceptor?

F. Photosystem I. … As in Photosystem II, light is harvested by antenna complexes, and the primary light reaction is a charge separation beginning stabilized by transfer of an electron to a quinone, but in Photosystem I the terminal electron acceptor is an FeS cluster, which permits reduction of ferredoxin.

What are the complexes of ETC?

The ETC proteins in a general order are complex I, complex II, coenzyme Q, complex III, cytochrome C, and complex IV. Coenzyme Q, also known as ubiquinone (CoQ), is made up of quinone and a hydrophobic tail. Its purpose is to function as an electron carrier and transfer electrons to complex III.

What is ETC in biology?

The electron transport chain, as the name implies, is a series of compounds in a chain transferring electron from one to the other through redox reactions. … In bacteria, the electron transport chain is located in their cell membrane. Abbreviation/Acronym: ETC.

Where is ATP synthase located in the mitochondrion?

inner membrane
In eukaryotes, the ATP synthase complex is located in the inner membrane of mitochondria, with ATP synthesis reaction occurring on the membrane side toward matrix compartment.

Where does acetyl CoA formation occur?

Acetyl-CoA Formation. Acetyl-CoA formation occurs inside or outside the cell mitochondria. As a metabolite (a substance necessary for metabolism), acetyl-CoA must be freely available. It can be produced via the catabolism (breakdown) of carbohydrates (glucose) and lipids (fatty acids).

What is the output of photosynthesis?

In photosynthesis, water, carbon dioxide, and energy in the form of sunlight are inputs, and the outputs are glucose and oxygen.

What is electron transport in photosynthesis?

Photosynthetic electron transport is the first stage of photosynthesis that produces chemically stored energy and uses solar photons to drive electron transport against a thermodynamic gradient.

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